Located within the Småland province of the Götaland region of south eastern Sweden sits the historic city of Kalmar. Dating back to 1027, Kalmar is one of Sweden's most ancient cities, with a long and illustrious heritage. The city combines elements of its fascinating history with excellent modern developments to create a distinctive and charming ambience. For centuries during the middle ages, Kalmar was one of Sweden's most important settlements and became a thoroughly fortitfied city when Kalmar Castle was constructed. The city also offers easy acces to the nearby city of Malmo and visitors can also fly from there to the Swedish capital of Stockholm. A wide range of sightseeing opportunities and excursion possibilities can be found in locations across the city, from historic structures and architecture to tranquil parks and gardens.
The city centre of Kalmar is relatively small, which makes it a lot then many other cities to get around cheaply on foot. The city is home to many superb museums celebrating the culture and history of the region alongside a collection of historic structures, preserved through the ages and open to the public.
Kalmar Castle was constructed around the city's main harbour to protect the area from attacks from what was then the nation's border with Denmark. Built during the 12th century as a single round tower, the castle has developed over the centuries to become a colossal and imposing fortress. In the 16th century the castle was extended on the orders of Kings Erik XIV and Johan III, who gave the castle its current renaissance architectural design. The castle played a significant role in the history and development of Sweden as well as Denmark and Norway. Nowadays, the castle has been fully restored and is one of the city's most popular tourist attractions.
Designed by renowned architect Nicodemus Tessin the Elder, the Kalmar Cathedral is one of the most impressive and astonishing structures in the city. Despite several interruptions and setback during its construction, the cathedral was finally completed in 1703.
The Old Town
Kalmar's old town is the medieval centre of the city, boasting an array of stunning and well-preserved 17th and 18th century buildings. The previous old town was completely destroyed by fire in 1647, so it was moved to a new location and painstakingly rebuilt. This portion of the city comprises of charming structures linked by quaint, narrow streets, which create a captivating and historic ambience.
Shopping in Kalmar
Kalmar's shopping districts are a great place to pick up and range of souvenirs, fashionable items and general provision during a stay in the city. Visitors will find a fabulous range of high-class boutiques and quirky gift shops.
Eating Out in Kalmar
An excellent selection of comfortable, friendly cafes and splendid restaurant are located across the city, serving a variety of local dishes and international cuisine. Traditional Swedish meals available in the city include meatballs and mash potato dishes as well as unusual meats such as reindeer. Visitors will also find a collection of familiar fast food outlets.